The Ajmer Tenancy and Land Records Act `1950

An Act to declare and amend the law relating to agricultural tenancies, record-of-rights and certain other matters in Ajmer.
1950
  • PRIMARY RIGHTS

  • 6
     Primary rights of tenant
  • 7
     Prohibition of certain acts
  • 8
     Prohibition against deprivation of certain rights
  • 9
     Certain rights of landlord
  • Niji jot

  • 10
     Definition
  • 11
     Application for demarcation
  • 12
     Order of demarcation of niji jot
  • 13
     Demarcation
  • 14
     Status of tenant of niji jot
  • 15
     Succession to niji jot
  • 16
     Collector's powers to let to tenants
  • CLASSES OF TENANTS

  • 17
     Classes of tenants
  • 18
     Occupancy tenants
  • 19
     Exproprietary tenants
  • 20
     Acquisition of exproprietary rights
  • 21
     Relinquishment of exproprietary rights
  • 22
     Hereditary tenants
  • 23
     Land in which hereditary rights shall not accrue
  • 24
     Non-occupancy tenants
  • Devolution and transfer of tenancies

  • 25
     Interest of a tenant, if heritable and transferable
  • 26
     Prohibition against certain kind of transfer or sub-lease
  • 27
     Right to sub-let
  • Extinction of tenancies

  • 28
     Tenancy, when extinguished
  • 29
     Life tenancy of female, when extinguished
  • 30
     Rights of sub-tenant on extinction of tenant's interest
  • 31
     Vacating of holding on extinction of right
  • 32
     Possession of land not vacated
  • Division, exchange and acquisition of holdings

  • 33
     Division of holdings
  • 34
     Co-tenant's right to claim division of produce
  • 35
     Right of tenant in land received in exchange
  • 36
     Exchange of land for consolidation of cultivated area
  • 37
     Acquisition of land by the landlord for certain purposes
  • 38
     Decision of certain disputes arising out of acquisition proceedings
  • 39
     Reinstatement of tenant ejected under section 37
  • 40
     Acquisition of proprietary right by tenant
  • Leases

  • 41
     Right to written lease and procedure to obtain it
  • 42
     Registration of leases
  • Declaration of rights

  • 43
     Declaration of rights in certain cases
  • Improvements

  • 44
     Right of certain tenants to make improvements
  • 45
     Right of non-occupancy tenants to make improvements
  • 46
     Right of landlord to make Improvement
  • 47
     Provision when both landlord and tenant want to make the same improvement
  • 48
     Restrictions on making improvement
  • 49
     Compensation for improvement, when permissible
  • 50
     Determination of compensation
  • 51
     Works benefiting other land
  • 52
     Disputes as regards improvements
  • Trees

  • 53
     Right of tenant paying fixed money rent to plant tree
  • 54
     Right of a tenant paying batai or bighori to plant tree
  • 55
     Tenant's rights in tree existing at the commencement of the Act
  • 56
     Decision of disputes regarding trees
  • Surrender and abandonment

  • 57
     Surrender by tenant
  • 58
     Abandonment
  • 59
     Taking possession of holding surrendered or abandoned
  • 60
     Dispute arising out of surrender and abandonment of land
  • PREMIA AND OTHER LEVIES

  • 61
     Acceptance of premium; how far permissible
  • 62
     Lag, neg and cess
  • PART I.—Basic rent of tenants

  • 63
     Liability for payment of rent
  • 64
     Scale of rent for different classes of tenants
  • 65
     Status and liability of person permitted to retain possession
  • PART II—Payment and recovery of rent

  • 66
     Hypothecation of produce towards payment of rent
  • 67
     Procedure when produce is attached by civil or revenue court
  • 68
     Right of landlord to collect rent from cultivator
  • 69
     No cartage allowed
  • 70
     Presumption as to payment by tenant and application of such payment
  • 71
     Modes of making payment of money rent
  • 72
     Right to get receipt
  • 73
     Penalty for not issuing proper receipt
  • 74
     Obligation of Chief Commissioner to print and supply books of receipt
  • 75
     Penalty for non-production of receipt book with counterfoils
  • 76
     Rights and liabilities in respect of produce
  • 77
     Application for officer to make division
  • 78
     Application for kuta
  • 79
     Procedure on application
  • 80
     Collector to publish return of current prices
  • 81
     Assessment of bighori by court
  • 82
     Commutation of batai rent into bighori in certain cases
  • 83
     Payment of commuted rent
  • General provisions

  • Arrears

  • 84
     Rent when and how payable
  • 85
     Claim for arrears of rent
  • 86
     Interest in cases of arrears of rent
  • 87
     Landlord's power to charge irrigation dues
  • 88
     Method of recovering sayar
  • 89
     Realisation of sayar as arrears of revenue
  • PART III.—Emergency provision

  • 90
     Recovery of arrears in the event of general refusal to pay
  • PART IV.—Payment of revenue by biswadars to jagirdars and muafidars

  • 91
     Application of certain sections to biswadars
  • General

  • 92
     Arrears deemed satisfied when tenant is ejected
  • 93
     Decree for arrears, how executed
  • 94
     Adjustment of arrears and compensation on ejectment
  • 95
     Entry of landholder on land from which tenant is ordered to be ejected
  • Grounds of ejectment

  • 96
     Grounds of ejectment
  • 97
     Special grounds of ejectment of non-occupancy tenants
  • 98
     Procedure in ejectment for decreed arrears
  • 99
     Procedure for ejectment on other grounds
  • 100
     Application for ejectment of non-occupancy tenant
  • 101
     Procedure on application
  • Remedies for wrongful ejectment

  • 102
     Remedies for wrongful ejectment
  • 103
     Procedure on application
  • Ejectment of person occupying land without title

  • 104
     Ejectment of person occupying land without title
  • 105
     Procedure on application
  • 106
     Consequences of failure to file application under section 102 or 104
  • 107
     No separate relief claimable, if not claimed in revenue court
  • COMPENSATION AND PENALTIES

  • 108
     Tenant's right to claim inquiry for illegal exaction and other matters
  • 109
     Power to award compensation in proceedings for arrears of rent
  • 110
     Prosecution of landholder for illegal exaction
  • 111
     Compensation for exaction by landholder and for false complaint by tenant
  • 112
     Penalty for habitual infringement of rights of tenant
  • 113
     Penalty for illegal entry on a holding
  • 114
     Compensation, how realisable
  • GRANTS

  • 115
     Exemption of muafidar
  • 116
     Interpretation
  • 117
     Grant which cannot be resumed
  • 118
     Grounds on which certain grants may be resumed
  • 119
     How to deal with resumable grant
  • 120
     Application of certain Chapters and sections to grantees
  • 121
     Grants, how far transferable
  • 122
     Void transactions
  • 123
     Power to hear cases of grantees
  • PREPARATION OF RECORD-OF-RIGHTS AND DETERMINATION AND MODIFICATION OF RENT AND RENT-RATES

  • 124
     Applicability of Part III
  • PART I.—Preparation and maintenance of maps and records

  • 125
     Power to form and alter Patwaris circles
  • 126
     Appointment of patwaris
  • 127
     Appointment of girdawars
  • 128
     Cadre and pay of girdawars and patwaris
  • 129
     Girdawars and patwaris to be public servants
  • 130
     Maintenance of maps and fieldbooks
  • 131
     Obligation of owners as to boundary marks
  • 132
     Record-of-rights
  • 133
     Contents of certain registers
  • 134
     Registers of revenue-paying, revenue-assigned and revenue-free villages
  • 135
     The annual registers
  • 136
     Obligation to furnish information necessary for compilation of certain record-of-rights
  • 137
     Decision of disputes
  • 138
     Inquiry into cases
  • 139
     Certain decisions, no bar to civil suit
  • 140
     Value of entries and decisions in contested cases
  • 141
     Appointment and punishment of lambardars and patels
  • PART II. —Record and rent-rate operations and the appointment of officers

  • 142
     Record and rent-rate operations
  • 143
     Powers of the record officer, assistant record officer and rent-rate officer
  • 144
     Sanctioned rates
  • 145
     Duration of rent-rates
  • Procedure in determining cash rent-rates

  • 146
     Circle and soil classification
  • 147
     Basis of rates for hereditary tenants
  • 148
     Provision for rates in special cases
  • 149
     Procedure in publishing and sanctioning rates
  • 150
     Civil suit relating to record-of-rights and certain other matters barred
  • PART III.—Commutation, abatement, enhancement, and determination of rent

  • 151
     Commutation of rent from kind to cash
  • 152
     Commutation of rent from cash to kind
  • 153
     Grounds of abatement of fixed money rent
  • 154
     Ground of enhancement of fixed money rent
  • 155
     Order for determination, commutation or variation of rent, when to take effect
  • 156
     Joinder of parties in cases relating to variation of rent
  • 157
     Determination of rent on partial ejectment
  • 158
     Rent, how calculated for commutation, variation or determination
  • 159
     Meaning of "substantial" in certain sections
  • 160
     Basis of variation of rent in certain cases
  • 161
     Period for which rent is not liable to modification
  • 162
     Applications for variation of rent, by whom to be entertained
  • EXTRAORDINARY AND EMERGENCY PROVISIONS

  • 163
     Provision of rent and revenue in an emergency
  • 164
     Remission or suspension of rent in agricultural calamities
  • 165
     Bar to collection of rent remitted or suspended
  • 166
     Period of suspension to be excluded in computing period of limitation
  • 167
     Remission for calamity by court decreeing claim for arrears
  • 168
     Jurisdiction of certain courts excluded in cases of remission and suspension of rent or revenue
  • General provisions

  • 169
     Cases cognizable by revenue courts
  • 170
     Procedure of revenue courts
  • 171
     Application of Indian Limitation Act, 1908
  • 172
     Limitation in cases under this Act
  • 173
     Payment of court-fees under this Act
  • Subordination of courts

  • 174
     Subordination of courts
  • Powers of courts and places for holding courts

  • 175
     Place of sitting of revenue courts
  • 176
     Chief Commissioner's power to confer powers
  • 177
     Collector's power to place assistant commissioner in charge of subdivision
  • 178
     Collector's powers to authorise certain courts to entertain and dispose of applications
  • 180
     Powers of Chief Commissioner to create shamlat committee and courts
  • Confirmation of orders

  • 181
     Decree or order to be final in certain circumstances
  • 182
     Submission to confirming court
  • 183
     Form of decree or order to be submitted for confirmation
  • 184
     Procedure for confirmation
  • Review

  • 185
     Review by the Chief Commissioner
  • 186
     Review by other courts
  • Revision

  • 187
     Revision
  • Transfer of cases

  • 188
     Power to transfer cases
  • 189
     Power of collector to transfer and withdraw cases
  • 190
     Sub-divisional officer's power to transfer cases
  • 191
     Power of record officer to transfer and withdraw cases
  • 192
     Transfer of cases by the district judge
  • Question of proprietary right in revenue court

  • 193
     Dispute as regards ownership of land
  • 194
     Procedure when plea of proprietary right raised in revenue court
  • Question of tenancy right in civil courts

  • 195
     Procedure when plea of tenancy raised in civil court
  • Conflict of jurisdiction

  • 196
     Reference to Judicial Commissioner
  • MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

  • 197
     Provision for injunction and appointment of receiver
  • 198
     Cases in which legal practitioners may appear
  • 199
     Persons who may appear before a revenue court
  • 200
     Costs in revenue courts
  • 201
     Power of revenue court to summon persons
  • 202
     Mode of service of summons or notice
  • POWER TO MAKE RULES

  • 203
     Power to make rules
  • TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

  • 204
     Reinstatement of tenant ejected before commencement of this Act
  • 205
     Provision for pending and other cases