The Motor Vehicles Act `1988

An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to motor vehicles.
1988
  • LICENSING OF DRIVERS OF MOTOR VEHICLES

  • 3
     Necessity for driving licence
  • 4
     Age limit in connection with driving of motor vehicles
  • 5
     Responsibility of owners of motor vehicles for contravention of sections 3 and 4
  • 6
     Restrictions on the holding of driving licences
  • 7
     Restrictions on the granting of learner's licences for certain vehicles
  • 8
     Grant of learner's licence
  • 9
     Grant of driving licence
  • 10
     Form and contents of licences to drive
  • 11
     Additions to driving licence
  • 12
     Licensing and regulation of schools or establishments for imparting instruction in driving of motor vehicles
  • 13
     Extent of effectiveness of licences, to drive motor vehicles
  • 14
     Currency of licences to drive motor vehicles
  • 15
     Renewal of driving licences
  • 16
     Revocation of driving licence on grounds of disease or disability
  • 17
     Orders refusing or revoking driving licences and appeals therefrom
  • 18
     Driving Licences to drive motor vehicles, belonging to the Central Government
  • 19
     Power of licensing authority to disqualify from holding a driving licence or revoke such licence
  • 20
     Power of Court to disqualify
  • 21
     Suspension of driving licence in certain cases
  • 22
     Suspension or cancellation of driving licence on conviction
  • 23
     Effect of disqualification order
  • 24
     Endorsement
  • 25
     Transfer of endorsement and issue of driving licence free from endorsement
  • 26
     Maintenance of State Registers of Driving Licences
  • 27
     Power of Central Government to make rules
  • 28
     Power of State Government to make rules
  • LICENSING OF CONDUCTORS OF STAGE CARRIAGES

  • 29
     Necessity for conductor's licence
  • 30
     Grant of conductor's licence
  • 31
     Disqualifications for the grant of conductor's licence
  • 32
     Revocation of a conductor's licence on grounds of disease or disability
  • 33
     Orders refusing, etc, conductor's licences and appeals therefrom
  • 34
     Power of licensing authority to disqualify
  • 35
     Power of Court to disqualify
  • 36
     Certain provisions of Chapter II to apply to conductor's licence
  • 37
     Savings
  • 38
     Power of State Government to make rules
  • REGISTRATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES

  • 39
     Necessity for registration
  • 40
     Registration, where to be made
  • 41
     Registration, how to be made
  • 42
     Special provision for registration of motor vehicles of diplomatic officers, etc
  • 43
     Temporary registration
  • 44
     Production of vehicle at the time of registration
  • 45
     Refusal of registration or renewal of the certificate of registration
  • 46
     Effectiveness in India of registration
  • 47
     Assignment of new registration mark on removal to another State
  • 48
     No objection certificate
  • 49
     Change of residence or place of business
  • 50
     Transfer of ownership
  • 51
     Special provisions regarding motor vehicle subject to hire-purchase agreement, etc
  • 52
     Alteration in motor vehicle
  • 53
     Suspension of registration
  • 54
     Cancellation of registration suspended under section 53
  • 55
     Cancellation of registration
  • 56
     Certificate of fitness of transport vehicles
  • 57
     Appeals
  • 58
     Special provisions in regard to transport vehicles
  • 59
     Power to fix the age limit of motor vehicle
  • 60
     Registration of vehicles belonging to the Central Government
  • 61
     Application of Chapter to trailers
  • 62
     Information regarding stolen and recovered motor vehicles to be furnished by the police to the State Transport Authority
  • 63
     Maintenance of State Registers of Motor Vehicles
  • 64
     Power of Central Government to make rules
  • 65
     Power of State Government to make rules
  • CONTROL OF TRANSPORT VEHICLES

  • 66
     Necessity for permits
  • 67
     Power to State Government to control road transport
  • 68
     Transport Authorities
  • 69
     General provision as to applications for permits
  • 70
     Application for stage carriage permit
  • 71
     Procedure of Regional Transport Authority in considering application for stage carriage permit
  • 72
     Grant of stage carriage permits
  • 73
     Application for contract carriage permit
  • 74
     Grant of contract carriage permit
  • 75
     Scheme for renting of motor cabs
  • 76
     Application for private service vehicle permit
  • 77
     Application for goods carriage permit
  • 78
     Consideration of application for goods carriage permit
  • 79
     Grant of goods carriage permit
  • 80
     Procedure in applying for and granting permits
  • 81
     Duration and renewal of permits
  • 82
     Transfer of permit
  • 83
     Replacement of vehicles
  • 84
     General conditions attaching to all permits
  • 85
     General form of permits
  • 86
     Cancellation and suspension of permits
  • 87
     Temporary permits
  • 88
     Validation of permits for use outside region in which granted
  • 88A
     Power of Central Government to make schemes for national, multimodal and inter-State transport of passengers and goods
  • 89
     Appeals
  • 90
     Revision
  • 91
     Restriction of hours of work of drivers
  • 92
     Voidance of contracts restrictive of liability
  • 93
     Agent or canvasser or aggregator to obtain licence
  • 94
     Bar on jurisdiction of Civil Courts
  • 95
     Power of State Government to make rules as to stage carriages and contract carriages
  • 96
     Power of State Government to make rules for the purposes of this Chapter
  • SPECIAL PROVISIONS RELATING TO STATE TRANSPORT UNDERTAKINGS

  • 97
     Definition
  • 98
     Chapter to override Chapter V and other laws
  • 99
     Preparation and publication of proposal regarding road transport service of a State transport undertaking
  • 100
     Objection to the proposal
  • 101
     Operation of additional services by a State transport undertaking in certain circumstances
  • 102
     Cancellation or modification of scheme
  • 103
     Issue of permits to State transport undertakings
  • 104
     Restriction on grant of permits in respect of a notified area or notified route
  • 105
     Principles and method of determining compensation and payment thereof
  • 106
     Disposal of article found in vehicles
  • 107
     Power of State Government to make rules
  • 108
     Certain powers of State Government exercisable by the Central Government
  • CONSTRUCTION, EQUIPMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF MOTOR VEHICLES

  • 109
     General provision regarding construction and maintenance of vehicles
  • 110
     Power of Central Government to make rules
  • 111
     Power of State Government to make rules
  • CONTROL OF TRAFFIC

  • 112
     Limits of speed
  • 113
     Limits of weight and limitations on use
  • 114
     Power to have vehicle weighed
  • 115
     Power to restrict the use of vehicles
  • 116
     Power to erect traffic signs
  • 117
     Parking places and halting stations
  • 118
     Driving regulations
  • 119
     Duty to obey traffic signs
  • 120
     Vehicles with left hand control
  • 121
     Signals and signalling devices
  • 122
     Leaving vehicle in dangerous position
  • 123
     Riding on running board, etc
  • 124
     Prohibition against travelling without pass or ticket
  • 125
     Obstruction of driver
  • 126
     Stationary vehicles
  • 127
     Removal of motor vehicles abandoned or left unattended on a public place
  • 128
     Safety measures for drivers and pillion riders
  • 129
     Wearing of protective headgear
  • 130
     Duty to produce licence and certificate of registration
  • 131
     Duty of the driver to take certain precautions at unguarded railway level crossing
  • 132
     Duty of driver to stop in certain cases
  • 133
     Duty of owner of motor vehicle to give information
  • 134
     Duty of driver in case of accident and injury to a person
  • 135
     Schemes to be framed for the investigation of accident cases and wayside amenities, etc
  • 136
     Inspection of vehicle involved in accident
  • 137
     Power of Central Government to make rules
  • 138
     Power of State Government to make rules
  • MOTOR VEHICLES TEMPORARILY LEAVING OR VISITING INDIA

  • 139
     Power of Central Government to make rules
  • LIABILITY WITHOUT FAULT IN CERTAIN CASES

  • 140
     Omitted
  • 141
     Omitted
  • 142
     Omitted
  • 143
     Omitted
  • 144
     Omitted
  • INSURANCE OF MOTOR VEHICLES AGAINST THIRD PARTY RISKS

  • 145
     Definitions
  • 146
     Necessity for insurance against third party risk
  • 147
     Requirements of policies and limits of liability
  • 148
     Validity of policies of insurance issued in reciprocating countries
  • 149
     Settlement by insurance company and procedure therefor
  • 150
     Duty of insurers to satisfy judgments and awards against persons insured in respect of third party risk
  • 151
     Rights of third party against insurers on insolvency of insure
  • 152
     Duty to give information as to insurance
  • 153
     Settlement between insurers and insured persons
  • 154
     Saving in respect of sections 151, 152 and 153
  • 155
     Effect of death on certain causes of action
  • 156
     Effect of certificate of insurance
  • 157
     Transfer of certificate of insurance
  • 158
     Production of certain certificates, licence and permit in certain cases
  • 159
     Information to be given regarding accident
  • 160
     Duty to furnish particulars of vehicle involved in accident
  • 161
     Special provisions as to compensation in case of hit and run motor accident
  • 162
     Scheme for golden hour
  • 163
     Refund in certain cases of compensation paid under section 161
  • 164
     Payment of compensation in case of death or grevious hurt, etc
  • CLAIMS TRIBUNALS

  • 165
     Claims Tribunals
  • 166
     Application for compensation
  • 167
     Option regarding claims for compensation in certain cases
  • 168
     Award of the Claims Tribunal
  • 169
     Procedure and powers of Claims Tribunals
  • 170
     Impleading insurer in certain cases
  • 171
     Award of interest where any claim is allowed
  • 172
     Award of compensatory costs in certain cases
  • 173
     Appeals
  • 174
     Recovery of money from insurer as arrear of land revenue
  • 175
     Bar on jurisdiction of Civil Courts
  • 176
     Power of State Government to make rules
  • OFFENCES, PENALTIES AND PROCEDURE

  • 177
     General provision for punishment of offences
  • 177A
     Penalty for contravention of regulations under section 118
  • 178
     Penalty for travelling without pass or ticket and for dereliction of duty on the part of conductor and refusal to ply contract carriage, etc
  • 179
     Disobedience of orders, obstruction and refusal of information
  • 180
     Allowing unauthorised persons to drive vehicles
  • 181
     Driving vehicles in contravention of section 3 or section 4
  • 182
     Offences relating to licences
  • 182A
     Punishment for offences relating to construction, maintenance, sale and alteration of motor vehicles and components
  • 182B
     Punishment for contravention of section 62A
  • 183
     Driving at excessive speed, etc
  • 184
     Driving dangerously
  • 185
     Driving by a drunken person or by a person under the influence of drugs
  • 186
     Driving when mentally or phycically unfit to drive
  • 187
     Punishment for offences relating to accident
  • 188
     Punishment for abetment of certain offences
  • 189
     Racing and trials of speed
  • 190
     Using vehicle in unsafe condition
  • 191
     Omitted
  • 192
     Using vehicle without registration
  • 192A
     Using vehicle without permit
  • 193
     Punishment of agents, canvassers and aggregators without proper authority
  • 194
     Driving vehicle exceeding permissible weight
  • 194A
     Carriage of excess passengers
  • 194B
     Use of safety belts and the seating of children
  • 194C
     Penalty for violation of safety measures for motor cycle drivers and pillion riders
  • 194D
     Penalty for not wearing protective headgea
  • 194E
     Failure to allow free passage to emergency vehicles
  • 194F
     Use of horns and silence zones
  • 195
     Omitted
  • 196
     Driving uninsured vehicle
  • 197
     Taking vehicle without authority
  • 198
     Unauthorised interference with vehicle
  • 198A
     Failure to comply with standards for road design, construction and maintenance
  • 199
     Offences by companies
  • 199A
     Offences by juveniles
  • 199B
     Revision of fines
  • 200
     Composition of certain offences
  • 201
     Penalty for causing obstruction to free flow of traffic
  • 202
     Power to arrest without warrant
  • 203
     Breath tests
  • 204
     Laboratory test
  • 205
     Presumption of unfitness to drive
  • 206
     Power of police officer to impound document
  • 207
     Power to detain vehicles used without certificate of registration permit, etc
  • 208
     Summary disposal of cases
  • 209
     Restriction on conviction
  • 210
     Courts to send intimation about conviction
  • 210A
     Power of State Government to increase penalties
  • 210B
     Penalty for offence committed by an enforcing authorit
  • 210C
     Power of Central Government to make rules
  • 210D
     Power of State Government to make rules
  • MISCELLANEOUS

  • 211
     Power to levy fee
  • 212
     Publication, commencement and laying of rules and notifications
  • 213
     Appointment of motor vehicles officers
  • 214
     Effect of appeal and revision on orders passed by original authority
  • 215
     Road Safety Councils and Committees
  • 215A
     Power of Central Government and State Government to delegate
  • 215B
     National Road Safety Boar
  • 215C
     Power of Central Government to make rules
  • 215D
     Power of State Government to make rules
  • 216
     Power to remove difficulties
  • 217
     Repeal and savings
  • 217A
     Renewal of permits, driving licences and registration granted under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939